the United States left a power vacuum, with many hoping to project their influence. During Morsi's tenure, Qatar became the single largest contributor of financial assistance to Egypt, providing about $8 billion in loans and grants (with Turkey offering another $2 billion). Just days after the military made its move, it was Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait which pledged $12 billion to the new army-appointed government, providing a crucial economic lifeline. It was transparently political, but it also made perfect sense.-Shadi Hamid, Temptations of Power: Islamists and Illiberal Democracy in a New Middle East. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), 215.